Some Butterfly, Lepidoptera, and Entomology Sites
Butterflies and Moths of North America
Butterflies and Moths of North America is an ambitious effort to collect, store, and share species information and occurrence data.
Identification, images, and information for insects, spiders, and their kin, for the United States and Canada.
Electronic Resources on Lepidoptera
One of the most complete and comprehensive websites on Lepidoptera on the Internet.
The Lepidopterists' Society
International society devoted to study and appreciation of butterflies and moths.
North American Butterfly Association (NABA)
A not-for profit organization working to increase public enjoyment and conservation of butterflies.
The Xerces Society
An international nonprofit organization dedicated to protecting biodiversity through conservation of invertebrates.
The Monarch Larva Monitoring Project
was developed by researchers at the University of Minnesota to collect long-term data on larval monarch populations and milkweed habitat.
Dr. Orley "Chip" Taylor's famous Monarch tagging and observing program.
A global study of wildlife migration - most notably, Monarch Butterflies. Report your observations!
UK Phenology Network
Record your observations of butterfly and other wildlife seasonal activity in the United Kingdom.
Tactics and Vectors
Dr. David Gibo's comprehensive butterfly migration research site.
Garden Treasures - Where Do Butterflies Come From?
This page describes butterfly metamorphosis and also links to an extensive collection of butterfly information, including pages with butterfly crafts and games for kids.
atalanta.dk (formerly DD's Birds and Butterflies)
Another interesting migration site, with information on Red Admirals and Painted Ladies in Europe, by Morten D.D. Hansen.
Bernd Harmsen's Butterfly Pages
Photos, life cycle, and migration of several European nettle-feeding nymphalid butterflies, including Red Admirals. Also includes information on butterfly conservation.
Butterfly Flight Research Webpage
Dr. Robert B. Srygley's research site.
North American Butterfly Monitoring Project
Testing and evaluating monitoring protocols for butterflies.
Alexanor's Butterfly Home Page
Sergey G. Popov's population research page for butterflies in southwestern Ukraine.
David's Butterflies and Moths
David Bell's butterfly monitoring research in Ontario.
Iowa State University Entomology Page
Website of the ISU Department of Entomology.
Red Admiral Larval Foodplants
Be Nice to Nettles
A website promoting conservation of the European stinging nettle, Urtica dioica. Includes nettle lore and promotes "Be Nice to Nettles Week."
Nettle: The Stinging Friend of Butterflies
From the Country Reflections Wildlife Column, by David Kavanagh.
Wikipedia: Scientific Method
A detailed discussion of the scientific method, its history, and how to apply it when you are doing research...or seeking to answer other questions that come up in your daily life.
Steps of the Scientific Method
It is important to understand the steps of the scientific method and how to apply them correctly. Why? Because the scientific method is the tool that will guide you in your pursuit of knowledge, as you set about your scientific investigation.
A Field Guide to Critical Thinking
From the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI). An interesting presentation of the scientific method by counterexample. Some pitfalls to avoid when doing research or anything else....
Biodiversity and Environment
National Geographic WildWorld
Information and images for 867 land-based ecoregions of the planet.
Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Information on North American biological resources and species, including range maps.
Weather and Climate Links
Listed below are some weather and climate sites that I have found especially useful while observing territorial behavior, population dynamics, or migration of Red Admirals and Painted Ladies. Some of these sites maintain only current data, but you can save images or tables from these for your own use.
Internet Weather Source: U.S. National Weather Service
Hourly weather conditions for the past 24 hours, forecasts, watches, and warnings from your local National Weather Service office, anywhere in the United States. Also gives hourly weather conditions for the past 24 hours for selected locations world-wide.
Real-Time Weather Data
Real-Time Weather Data--Surface
Hourly weather data and hourly colored contour maps of temperature, dewpoint, winds, and sea-level pressure are among the wide variety of information on this site. Region covered includes the U.S., southern Canada, and northern Mexico. National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).
Hourly weather maps for the U.S., southern Canada, and northern Mexico. Also includes U.S. local forecasts and current conditions.
Real-Time Weather Data/Unisys Weather: Selected Map Archive
A set of selected North American maps of surface and 850 mb height conditions for the previous 14 days. Maps are for 21 hours Greenwich Mean Time (3 p.m. Central Standard Time) each day. We maintain this archive in cooperation with the Iowa Environmental Mesonet.
The Beaufort Wind Scale
Estimate wind speed in the field by observing moving tree branches, waves, flags, and other common objects.
Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service, National Weather Service
Daily, monthly, and other interactive maps of precipitation in the United States.
Precipitation Analysis Pages, National Weather Service
Similar interactive maps as the preceding site, with a different map projection.
International Weather: Regional Climate Maps
Formerly Joint Agricultural Weather Facility. Includes daily, weekly, monthly, and percent normal monthly precipitation, as well as other weather data, for various regions of the world.
Iowa Ag Climate Network: Iowa State University
Hourly and daily weather data archives from Iowa automated weather stations.
Airport Station (ASOS/AWOS) Archived Hourly Weather Data
Data from July 15, 2006 to the present. The list includes airport stations in Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming.
Iowa Environmental Mesonet
This site provides a variety of Iowa and U.S. weather information.
RI (Rieman Index) Page: The Rieman Index measures the tendency for warm, moist air from the Gulf of Mexico to move northward into the eastern and midwestern U.S. Migrating butterflies and other insects often ride these moist winds northward in the spring.
S. Elwynn Taylor
Iowa State University Extension Climatologist Elwynn Taylor's home page.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Assesses information relevant to understanding the risk of human-induced climate change.
El Niño, La Niña, and Southern Oscillation Index Links
El Niño Theme Page
Basic information on El Niño and La Niña from the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
NOAA El Niño Page
NOAA La Niña Page
More information on El Niño and La Niña from NOAA.
Southern Oscillation Index Archives
Monthly mean SOI values from January 1876 to the present day. Bureau of Meteorology, Australia.
Southern Oscillation Index and 'SOI Phase'
Graph of recent values of the Southern Oscillation Index. Department of Natural Resources and Mines, Queensland, Australia.